Educator's Resource Guides


Teacher’s Resource Guide
Evolution Revolution: Simple Machines
By Charlotte Bennardo
 Evolution Revolution, Book 2: Simple Plans / January 2017 / Ages 8-12 / $5.99-Paperback / ISBN: 978-0998499208

Word List
     Define the following:
1          1. Work
2        2. Energy
3        3. .Habitat
4        4.  Instinct
5        5. Predator
6        6. Prey
7        7. Life cycle
8        8. Mynah bird
9        9. Mimic
1      10. Scavenger

Classroom/Home Activities

1.     Have students design and draw a picture of a wagon that birds and other hopping animals might be able to use.

2.     Create a list of words for students to ‘teach’ through charades and simple pictures, the way Collin taught Jack.

3.     Ask students to make a list of five words they think Jack should learn, and tell how they would teach him.

4.     Have students draw a life cycle in Jack’s woods which includes major characters: Jack, Owl, Fox, Bird, Beaver, Rabbit, Chipmunk, and Rat.

5.     Let students draw scenes from the book not pictured; Jack on Speaking Rock, Sister, Rat scaring the humans, etc.


  
Discussion Questions

1      1. If Jack was your friend, what would you try to teach him?

2      2.  Tell who you think is smarter, and why- Jack or Rat?

3      3.   Is there an animal smarter than a squirrel? Why do you think so?

4      4.   How do you think Jack’s story will end?

5      5.  What change, by evolution, would be best for squirrels, and give your reason. (i.e. opposable thumbs to build).

6      6.  Has Jack’s story made you think differently about the animals in your backyard, or the world?

7      7.  Which is your favorite animal: Jack, Rat, Owl, Sister, Bird, Horse or other? Give a reason.

8     8.  If you could add something to the story, like Jack meeting another human, or a new animal that comes into the woods, what would it be? Write a few sentences describing what happens.

9     9.  Do you think Jack could learn to use a cell phone? A computer? Why or why not?

1   10.  How do you think Jack could use a pulley? Describe one and how he might use it.

  
Classroom Experiment

   Supplies
   1 small box for each student or group of 2 (have several sizes)
   Tape
   Scissors
   Straight plastic straws (not bendable)
   Cardboard
   String
   Small stuffed animal for each student or group

   Objectives
   To build a wagon appropriately sized to fit the stuffed animal.
   To learn teamwork, determining scale of wagon to accomplish project

   Procedure

1    1.   Have students place box next to animal and determine if box is too big, small or right sized for wagon. Have them trade with other students so each has proper size or cut down to fit.
2    2.   Have students draw and cut out wheels for wagon.
3    3.   After wheels are cut, have them make holes in center to fit straw. Clip ends of straw so it separates like a banana peel. Tape ends to wheel to form axles. They should make sure axles fit width of box.
     4.  Wheels and straw axles are to be taped to underside of wagon.
5   5.  Give each student or team a length of string for them to create a harness to fit stuffed animal to wagon.
     6.  Let students demonstrate to classmates how well their wagon works and how the harness fits the stuffed animals.

   
Additional Resources for Further Reading and Discovery

  
Doudna, Kelly. The Kids' Book of Simple Machines: Cool Projects & Activities that Make Science Fun! Mighty Media Kids 2015.(Kindle only)



Hodge, Deborah. Simple Machines (Starting with Science). Kids Can Press, 1997. ISBN 978-1550743999.

Shireman, Myrl. Strengthening Physical Science Skills for Middle and Upper Grades. Mark Twain Media, 2007, ISBN 978-1580374538.

Wells, Robert E. How Do You Lift a Lion? Albert Whitman, 1996. ISBN 978-0807534212.

Woods, Michael. Ancient Machines: From Wedges to Waterwheels (Ancient Technology). Runestone Press, 1999. ISBN 978-0822529941.

Yasuda, Anita and Stone, Bryan. Explore Simple Machines!: With 25 Great Projects (Explore Your World) Nomad Press, 2011. ISBN 978-1936313872 




Teacher’s Resource Guide
Evolution Revolution: Simple Machines
By Charlotte Bennardo
 Evolution Revolution, Book 1: Simple Machines / October 2016 / Ages 8-12 / $5.99-Paperback / ISBN: 978-1534903210

Word List

   Define the following:
   1. Machine
1      2. Simple machine  
2      3. Axle  
3      4. Lever 
4      5.     Pulley
        6.     Force
        7.     Inclined plane
        8.     Wedge
        9.     Screw
      10.  Evolution


Classroom/Home Activities

1.     Find 5 examples of the simple machines in your school, home, and other places (lever, wheel/axle, pulley, inclined plane, wedge, screw).

2.     Tell which is the most popular, and why you think so.

3.     Ask students to build, draw, or design a ‘machine’ using all 6 simple machines.

4.     Tell how your pets may use simple machines: rolling a ball, walking up ramps, spinning in a hamster wheel, opening doors with a lever handle.

5.     Ask students to decide which simple machine is the most important, the one that has helped humans the most; the wheel, the inclined plane, the screw, and give a reason why. Show it in pictures or drawings.


  
Discussion Questions

1   1.     Which animals do you think are as smart as, or smarter than, a squirrel? Explain why. If possible, give an example how this is true.

2   2.     If you have a pet, do you think it could learn all the things that Jack has learned? 

3   3.     Do you think that your pet or other animals around you could or would share what they’ve learned?

4   4.     Is it possible that animals could outsmart humans one day? 

5   5.     Compare Fox and Jack. Is Fox smarter because of his hunting skills, or Jack because of the things he’s learned?

6   6.     If Jack came to your house, what would you like to teach him, and why?

7   7.     For the animals that couldn’t learn how to roll, like Snake or Rabbit, how could they help in the battle? Do they have any skills they could share?

8   8.     Explain an example of evolution. Is evolution happening today? Can you give an example?

9   9.     Are humans evolving? Show an example if you think so.

1  10. Name a way humans could evolve that would make them better able to live.  
  
Classroom Experiment

   Supplies
   1 gal plastic jar of water
   1 small bowling or heavy ball
   1 tape measure/ruler
   1 board, 2-3 feet
   Several books to stack up approximately 1 foot high

   Objective
   To examine the force necessary to lift a gallon of water vs. rolling the bowling/heavy    ball.
   To examine the force necessary to lift a gallon of water and bowling ball vs. using an    inclined plane

   Procedure

1     1.   Have students mark out in chalk or tape a length of 3 feet (or however long board         is).
2     2.   Ask each student to carry the gallon of water the length marked out. 
3     3.   Then have them roll the bowling/heavy ball; which is easier? Requires less effort?
4     4.   Have students stack books and build a small inclined plane. 
5     5.   Have students carry gallon of water and ball up the inclined plane (being careful to       help guide and keep them from falling). 
6     6.   Ask students to first drag the gallon of water. Is it easier to lift and carry, or drag up       the plane?
7     7.   Then have students roll the ball up the plane. Is it harder to carry the ball rather             than roll it?
8     8.  Have students discuss how and where inclined planes help people in everyday               situations (i.e. loading ramps, wheelchair ramps, etc.)



Additional Resources for Further Reading and Discovery


Doudna, Kelly. The Kids' Book of Simple Machines: Cool Projects & Activities that Make Science Fun! Mighty Media Kids 2015.(Kindle only)



Hodge, Deborah. Simple Machines (Starting with Science). Kids Can Press, 1997. ISBN 978-1550743999.

Wells, Robert E. How Do You Lift a Lion? Albert Whitman, 1996. ISBN 978-0807534212.

Woods, Michael. Ancient Machines: From Wedges to Waterwheels (Ancient Technology). Runestone Press, 1999. ISBN 978-0822529941. 

Yasuda, Anita and Stone, Bryan. Explore Simple Machines!: With 25 Great Projects (Explore Your World) Nomad Press, 2011. ISBN 978-1936313872 





Beware the Little White Rabbit
 Alice Through the Wormhole, by Charlotte Bennardo 
ISBN: 978-1-61603-042-1


Teacher's Discussion Guide:

1.  Which story was your favorite, and why? Which was your least favorite?

2.  How do the different settings and genres affect the tales?

3.  Is the White Rabbit symbolic of something in the stories, or just a literary device to move the story along, like a catalyst?

4.  Do you feel the authors were true to the character of the original Alice? Defend your answer.

5.  Is there one particular story that 'spoke' to you? Why?

6.  How do you feel about other authors using a well-known character like Alice in fan fic?

7.  What has changed about Alice from what you remember in the original story to how she appears in any/all of these, besides the fact that she's grown up?

8.  Is there any setting, scene, character, or plot that you feel doesn't work?

9. What was your favorite scene? Your least favorite?

10. If you could write a story about Alice as you see her, what setting, genre, conflict, or era would you choose?




Blonde OPS 
 by Charlotte Bennardo and Natalie Zaman
ISBN: 978-1-250-03039-9


Teacher's Discussion Guide:

1. Is it 'ethical' for Bec to hack, deceive her boss and friends, and 'break and enter' to find out who hurt Parker?

2. When is it ethical to break the law?

3. Because of her 'hacks,' i.e. changing her grades that got her expelled, going into Kevin's financial accounts, and getting into people's cars, should there be some punishment for her? Should she be banned from using a computer? 

4. Is Bec's simultaneous interest in Dante and Taj problematic?

5. Would you have broken the law to save the First Lady and help Parker?

6. How does the Rome setting enhance the story?

7. Was there anything that detracted from the story - a character, an incident, some detail?

8. Who was your favorite character, and why?

9. What do you think is Bec's biggest weakness? Her strongest talent?

10. How does Bec's initial appearance and dress reflect her personality (pink hair, almost goth clothes) and how does it change after her adventure? 





Sirenz Back in Fashion 
by Charlotte Bennardo and Natalie Zaman
ISBN 978-0-7387-3187-2


Teacher's Discussion Guide:
  
 1. Have Meg and Shar changed from their previous encounter with Hades and the other gods of the Greek pantheon? Has Hades? Has Persephone?

2. Does Hermes fit your idea of an ancient Greek god brought into the modern world like Hades and the others?

3. How has Hades changed 'the rules of the game' for Shar and Meg?

4. Romantic and platonic relationships have changed from the previous book. Discuss how, and what changed the relationship.

5. Share doesn't have any siren gifts; what is her advantage/disadvantage in getting the better of Hades, or just completing her part of the deal.

6. Meg has the power--or does she?

7. Would you have done things differently if you were Shar, like gave in to Hades? If you were Meg, would you have sent Paulina to the Underworld? If you were Hades or Persephone, would you ave done anything differently?

8. Sirenz Back in Fashion has two settings; Shar in the Underworld and Meg in their NYC dorm. How does each help/hinder them? How would you envision Tartarus?

9. What advice would you give to the girls in handling the gods? Do you think they can avoid Hades? What possible situation could arise that would bring them all together again?

10. Is there anything you'd want badly enough that you'd make a deal with Hades?

11. Which character are you most like and why, and which one would you like to be, and why?

12. Did it surprise you to see characters like Ben Franklin in Tartarus? Who would you like to meet in Tartarus- which figure from ancient through modern times?

13. Hades is a complex character; the Underworld appears dark, foreboding, and at times, horrible, yet there is beautry there that he created. Consider his relationship with Cerberus. How does this explain the 'man' behind the god?





Sirenz 
by Charlotte Bennardo and Natalie Zaman
ISBN: 978-0-7387-2319-8


Teacher's Discussion Guide:

 1. How is Meg and Shar’s Hades different from the Hades of ancient mythology? How is he the same? What about the other gods the girls encounter during the course of their adventure?

2. Do Meg and Shar have any other possible options than going to jail or accepting Hades’ offer? What would you do differently than Meg and Shar?

3. In what ways is Hades similar to modern visions of the devil? Discuss and compare the traditional Judeo-Christian order of the Universe to that which exists in Sirenz.

4. Discuss the importance of rules and consequences in Sirenz. Are rules broken? Are there fair consequences when an infraction happens?

5. How do the differences between Meg and Shar increase tension and make their task more difficult?

6. How do the girls work past their differences?

7. What is the role and importance of differences in relationships—platonic and romantic? That considered, discuss the pairings and potential pairings in the book: Meg & Shar, Shar & Jeremy, Meg & Jeremy, Shar & Hades, Persephone & Hades.

8. Why does Hades give the girls their specific Siren gifts, a look from Shar, a word from Meg, to entrance their victim? How does this affect their ability to complete their task? Does it change either of them in any way?

9. Is Arkady Romanov victim or villain? Would you have sent him to Hades? Why or why not?

10. By the end of the book, what traits have the girls adopted from each other? How have they changed?

11. If you could, would you make a deal with Hades? What would you want, and what do you think he would ask of you?

12. What happens next for Meg and Shar? Could Hades come back to haunt them? If so, how? What could he have them do next? 13. Sirenz is set in New York. What is the role of the city in the book—just a backdrop or something more?

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